• Marco Gualazzini


L’État de Siège in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Today, according to the High Commissioner for refugees of United Nations (UHNCR), in the Democratic Republic of the Congo are counted 5.6 million of internal refugees. The spread of armed group aims at keeping the “region of great lakes” in a constant situation of unstable insecurity, in order to facilitate a systematic mining exploitation from multinationals and foreign powers. This led the President of Congo Félix Tshisekedi to proclaim, on the first of May 2021, the “état de siège”.

Nigeria: challenge and grace

Maiduguri is the town where the jihadist sect Boko Haram originated and started the war of terror that from 2009 up until today overwhelmed Nigeria and the basin of Lake Chad. This reportage aims to portrait the places of everyday life in a place where, however, tragedy can suddenly break in the ordinary: an attack, a kidnapping in a school or a suicide bombing among market stalls.

The world’s most complex humanitarian disaster: the Lake Chad crisis

A severe humanitarian crisis is under way in the Lake Chad basin. Over two million refugees, five million people at risk of food insecurity and 500,000 children suffering from acute malnutrition. Two factors have caused what the New Yorker has defined as ''the world’s most complex humanitarian disaster'': the desertification of the Lake, which in the last 50 years has lost 90% of its surface, and the terrorism of Boko Haram, which has turned the basin of the lake into the final frontier of the jihad in Africa. The feature illustrates this crisis, showing the reality experienced by the population on the islands and along the shores of the lake, where the sands of the desert have replaced the waters.

Somalia: the resilient Nation

Somalia has an emblematic role to play in any attempt to understand the refugee crisis today, because this country on the Horn of Africa – together with Syria – is the state from which a large proportion of the population are fleeing in search of asylum throughout the world. The internally displaced number over a million, and another million that have found refuge in neighbouring countries or in Europe; however, by virtue of a historical and geo-political paradox, this country has also become a place of welcome: over 30,000 Yemenites have already landed on the Somali coasts, in flight from the Arabian peninsula. The climate of terror, the corrupt state administration, the formation of armed clan groups are all contributing factors to the disease that has been devouring Somalia for decades, but rising up against it today is the collective sentiment of a people that does not wish to feel alone and has decided to take its destiny into its own hands in order to conquer fear and look to the future.

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Formerly known as Zaire, the Congo has been violently exploited, and has been supplying all kinds of raw materials since the days of Leopold II of Belgium. In exchange, it has received little but war, corruption, death, disease, hunger, mercenaries, child soldiers and rape. Today the DRC is experiencing a period of major political instability caused by the end of the third mandate of President Kabila, who does not wish to give up leadership of the country as established by the constitution, and the fighting in the streets is causing bloodshed from Kinshasa to Goma. As if this were not enough, the country is also experiencing an intensification of inter-ethnic conflict in the Kivu Region, as well as renewed terrorist infiltration. In this scenario, the aim of our reportage is to look into the fragile situation of the weakest section of the population, those hit hardest by the violence afflicting the former Belgian colony.


After the attack on the Twin Towers occurred on 11th of September 2001, the United States and NATO forces invaded Afghanistan with the aim of defeating Al- Qaeda and ending the rule of the Taliban. On the 15th of August 2021, after twenty years of conflict, the United States withdrew from the country, and the Taliban took over the power again. It is estimated that the war caused 240,000 victimes and cost the Americans $ 2,300 billion. Afghanistan is currenty facing an unparalleled economic and social crisis. According to the World Food Program, out of 40 million inhabitants, 22 million are in a state of food insecurity and over 8 million are in a nutritional emergency situation. Over 3 million Afghans are drug addicts. Today the US government froze $ 9 billion belonging to the Da Afghanistan Bank, the central bank of Afghanistan.


Born in Parma in 1976, Marco Gualazzini began his career as a photographer in 2004, with his home town’s local daily, La Gazzetta di Parma. His works include reportage photography on micro-finance in India, on the freedom of expression in Myanmar, on the discrimination of minorities in Pakistan.
For the last few years he has been covering Africa extensively.
He devised and took part in the creation of a documentary for the Italian national TV network RAI on the caste system in India, which has been selected at IDFA- The International Documentary Film Festival Amsterdam, and has been awarded with the Best Camera Work Award at the Al-Jazeera International Documentary Film Festival.
Gualazzini published in national and international titles and he has received numerous accolades, including the Getty Images Grant for Editorial Photography, the PDN and the World Press Photo.

Parma, Italy

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Resilient. ContrastoBooks. 2019


2019. World Press Photo, Environment Stories, 1st Prize
2019. World Press Photo, Photo of the year Nominee and Story of the year Nominee
2019. Wiki Loves Africa, 1st Prize
2019. All About Photo Awards, 4th Prize
2017. Short Listed – Premio giornalistico Internazionale Marco Luchetta
2017. Photographer of the year All About Photo Awards
2016. Final 100 to The Other Hundred Educators, The Other Hundred
2016. Winner in PDN Photo Annual photo contest
2015. Lucie Foundation, Photo Taken Scholarship Recipient
2014. Short Listed Premio giornalistico Internazionale Marco Luchetta – Miran Hrovatin
2013. Getty Images Grants for Editorial Photography Recipient
2013. Premio giornalistico Marco Luchetta- Miran Hrovatin, 1st Prize
2013. Silver Medal, category press-war, Prix de la Photographie
2012. Short-Listed 3rd Lumix Festival for Young Photojournalism, Hannover
2011. Short-Listed, Premio Internacional de Fotografía Humanitaria Luis Valtueña
2011. Finalist CGAP 2011- Microfinance Photography contest
2011. Nomination award HPA2011- the Humanity photo awards 

Exhibitions & Screenings

2020. RESILIENTI2020 – Citywide art installation Città di Parma, Parma, Italy
2019. World Press Photo, world wide
2019. Palazzo Pigorini, solo exhibition , Parma, Italy
2019. Spazio Forma Meravigli, solo exhibition, Milan, Italy
2017. Visa pour l’image, Screening in Campo Santo, Perpignan, France
2017. Pune Biennale, Pune, India
2016. World Humanitarian Summit, Istanbul, Turkey
2015. Angkor Photo Festival, Screening, Angkor, Cambodia
2014. “One World” – Photofestival Horizonte, Zingst, Germany
2014. One Day in Africa – Spazio Oberdan, Milan, Italy
2014. ‘Italy. Another View’ Vadehra Art Gallery, India Art Fair, NSIC Exhibition Grounds, New Delhi, India
2013. Visa pour L’image, Screening, Perpignan, France
2013. Les Rencontres d’Arles, Screening, Arles, France
2013. Angkor Photo Festival, Angkor, Cambodia
2012. 3rd Lumix Festival for Young Photojournalism, Hannover, Germany
2011. The Humanity photo awards, Memories of Mankind VII, under the patronage of UNESCO, Beijing, Cina
2011. Medicos del Mundo, Premio Luis Valtueña, Madrid, Spain
2011. FoFu Phot’arte, Festival internazionale fotografico, Fucecchio (FI), Italy
2010. Galleria d’arte Camera Sedici, group exhibition, Storie in tre scatti, Milan, Italy
2009. Palazzo Pigorini, group exhibition, Parma, Italy