After a battle of approximately nine months, on the 10th of July 2017, Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi formally claimed victory over IS in the city of Mosul. Hundreds of thousands of civilians have fled the city, much of which has suffered heavy damages. According to AP reports, between 9,000 and 11,000 civilians have been killed in the battle, and tens of thousands had to abandon their houses. They are the so-called IDPs (Internally Displaced Persons). Amnesty International released a report, “At Any Cost: The Civilian Catastrophe in West Mosul”, accusing Iraqi forces of violating international law all along with the fight. The government’s
victory in Mosul may unleash revenge attacks and revive old resentments between Sunni and Shiites, a sectarian divide that tipped Iraq into civil war after the 2013 US-led invasion.